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Buddhism Concepts: Buddhas|Karma|Nirvana|Reality| Rebirth
 

NIRVANA

 
In Sanskrit he word Nirvana can mean the following: cessation, extinction (of suffering), extinguished, quited, and calmed. In the West nirvana is also known as "Awakening" or "Enlightenment". In Buddhism it is generally believed that anybody who has achieved nirvana (also known as bodhi) is in fact a Buddha.
 
Mahayana Buddhism generally regards as its most important teaching the path of the bodhisattva. This already existed as a possibility in earlier Buddhism, as it still does in Theravada today, but the Mahayana gave it an increasing emphasis, eventually saying everyone should follow it.
 
 
In the Mahayana, the Buddha tends not to be viewed as merely human, but as the earthly projection of a beginningless and endless, omnipresent being beyond the range and reach of thought. Moreover, in certain Mahayana sutras, the Buddha, Dharma and Sangha are viewed essentially as One: all three are seen as the eternal Buddha himself.
 
Bodhi is a term applied to the experience of Awakening of arahants, a spiritual practitioner who had realised the goal of nirvana. Bodhi literally means "awakening", but is more commonly referred to as "enlightenment". In Early Buddhism, bodhi carries a meaning synonymous to nirvana, using only some different similes to describe the experience, which implied the extinction of raga (greed), dosa (hate) and moha (delusion).
 
 
 
 
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